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2019考研英语一阅读理解试题

时间:2020-07-21来源:swan 作者:考研初试 点击:

2019考研初试12月22日至24日进行,吉林中公考研网时刻关注2019考研初试情况,并第一时间为考生提供考研答案及答案解析内容,同时中公考研名师将为考生提供视频直播解析。下面一起和吉林中公考研网小编详细了解一下2019考研英语一阅读理解试题原文!

2019年全国硕士研究生招生考试

英语(一)试题

SectionIIReadingComprehension

PartA

Directions:

Readthefollowingfourtexts.AnswerthequestionsbeloweachtextbychoosingA,B,CorD......

Text1

FinancialregulatorsinBritainhaveimposedaratherunusualruleonthebossesofbigbanks.Startingnextyear,anyguaranteedbonusoftopexecutivescouldbedelayed10yearsiftheirbanksareunderinvestigationforwrongdoing.Themainpurposeofthis“clawback”......

“Short-termism,”orthedesireforquickprofits,hasworsenedinpubliclytradedcompanies,saystheBankofEngland’stopeconomist,AndrewHaldane.Hequotesagiantofclassicaleconomics,AlfredMarshall,indescribingthisfinancialimpatienceasactinglike“children......

TheaveragetimeforholdingastockinboththeUnitedStatesandBritain,henotes,hasdroppedfromsevenyearstosevenmonthsinrecentdecades.Transientinvestors,whodemandhigh......

Inaddition,newdigitaltechnologieshaveallowedmorerapidtradingofequities,quickeruseofinformation,andthusshorterattentionspansinfinancialmarkets.“Thereseemstobeapredominanceofshort-termthinkingattheexpenseoflong-terminvesting,”saidCommissionerDanielGallagheroftheUSSecuritiesandExchangeCommissioninaspeechthisweek.

IntheUS,theSarbanes-OxleyActof2002haspushedmostpubliccompaniestodeferperformancebonusesforseniorexecutivesbyaboutayear,slightlyhelpingreduce“short-termism.”InitslatestsurveyofCEOpay,TheWallStreetJournalfindsthat“asubstantialpart”......

Withincompanies,therightcompensationdesigncanprovideincentivesforexecutivestothinkbeyondtheirowntimeatthecompanyandonbehalfofallstakeholders.Britain’snewruleisareminder......

21.AccordingtoParagraph1,one......

[A]enhancebankers’senseofresponsibility

[B]helpcorporationsachievelargerprofits

[C]guaranteethebonusesoftopexecutives

[D]buildanewsystemoffinancialregulation

22.AlfredMarshallis......

[A]theconditionsforgeneratingquickprofits

[B]“short-termism”ineconomicactivities

[C]governments’impatienceindecision-making

[D]thesolidstructureofpubliclytradedcompanies

23.Itisarguedthattheinfluenceoftransient......

[A]temporary

[B]indirect

[C]minimal

[D]adverse

24.TheUSandFrance......

[A]thesignificanceoflong-termthinking

[B]theobstaclestopreventing“short-termism”

[C]theapproachestopromoting“long-termism”

[D]theprevalenceofshort-termthinking

25.Whichofthefollowing......

[A]FrustrationofRisk-takingBankers

[B]FailureofQuarterlyCapitalism

[C]DecisivenessRequiredofTopExecutives

[D]PatienceasaCorporateVirtue

123


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